2008 RPI

Rank Team                  RPI       Sig Win    Sig Loss    (WLT)    (WLT)    (WLT)    (WLT)
                        Rnk  Value   Rnk Value  Rnk Value   Total     Road    Neutral   Home
 
   1 Pittsburgh          1  0.7063  153   0      5   3   19  3  0  4  0  0 10  3  0  5  0  0
   2 UC Santa Barbara    2  0.7046  186   0     20   2   18  2  0  3  0  0  5  2  0 10  0  0
   3 Michigan            3  0.6986   46   1      3   3   16  5  0  1  2  0 10  3  0  5  0  0
   4 Virginia Tech Club  4  0.6883  196   0    193   0   15  1  0  4  0  0  8  1  0  3  0  0
   5 Duke Club           5  0.6870  104   0    102   0    1  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  1
   6 Colorado State      6  0.6849   10   2     94   0   23  1  0  3  1  0 12  0  0  8  0  0
   7 Colorado            7  0.6765    9   2     93   0   15  4  0  1  2  0 12  2  0  2  0  0
   8 Boston College Clu  8  0.6657   83   0     77   0   11  2  0  2  0  0  3  2  0  6  0  0
   9 Cal Poly SLO        9  0.6635    7   2     34   1   13  7  0  4  0  0  6  5  0  3  2  0
  10 Santa Clara        10  0.6544   57   1    166   0   15  5  0  2  1  0  8  4  0  5  0  0
  11 Cal Poly SLO B     11  0.6516   88   0     83   0   12  0  0  2  0  0  5  0  0  5  0  0
  12 Virginia Club      12  0.6331  195   0     65   1   10  2  2  1  1  1  5  0  0  4  1  1
  13 Calvin             13  0.6277   90   0     85   0   11  0  0  3  0  0  7  0  0  1  0  0
  14 Florida Club       14  0.6273  108   0      1   3   10  4  0  4  1  0  5  3  0  1  0  0
  15 JMU Club           15  0.6231  121   0    122   0    3  1  1  0  0  1  3  0  0  0  1  0
  16 Central Florida    16  0.6163   93   0     35   1   12  2  0  3  0  0  7  1  0  2  1  0
  17 UNC Club           17  0.6148  191   0    188   0    1  1  0  0  0  0  1  1  0  0  0  0
  18 Wake Forest        18  0.6148  197   0    194   0    1  1  0  0  0  0  1  1  0  0  0  0
  19 Lindenwood         19  0.6139  130   0    132   0   14  9  0  4  3  0  3  4  0  7  2  0
  20 Minnesota          20  0.6114  135   0     10   2   12  6  0  5  0  0  4  6  0  3  0  0
  21 Carnegie Mellon    21  0.6086   92   0     86   0    3  1  0  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0
  22 Michigan State     22  0.6073   13   2      4   3   12  8  0  3  0  0  7  7  0  2  1  0
  23 Miami (FL)         23  0.5984  133   0    138   0    8  3  0  0  1  0  4  0  0  4  2  0
  24 Wisconsin          24  0.5969  205   0    204   0    7  1  0  2  0  0  3  1  0  2  0  0
  25 Miami (OH)         25  0.5946   45   1      2   3    8  6  0  0  1  0  4  5  0  4  0  0
  26 Georgia            26  0.5942    1   3    111   0   14  8  0  2  3  0  8  5  0  4  0  0
  27 Maryland Club      27  0.5934    2   3    137   0    9  3  0  1  1  0  3  0  0  5  2  0
  28 Oregon Club        28  0.5926  147   0     49   1   13  4  0  2  0  0  8  4  0  3  0  0
  29 UCLA               29  0.5887    5   3    184   0   13 10  0  1  3  0  7  6  0  5  1  0
  30 St. Benedict       30  0.5873  172   0    174   0   11  2  0  0  1  0 10  1  0  1  0  0
  31 San Diego State B  31  0.5860  163   0    163   0    3  1  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  2  0  0
  32 Texas A&M          32  0.5854   62   1     17   2   12 11  0  4  2  0  5  9  0  3  0  0
  33 Ohio State Club    33  0.5850  145   0    150   0   11  2  0  2  0  0  3  2  0  6  0  0
  34 Occidental         34  0.5816  143   0     48   1    4  3  0  2  0  0  2  2  0  0  1  0
  35 Buffalo            35  0.5788   86   0     80   0    2  3  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  3  0
  36 Rhode Island       36  0.5767   54   1     14   2   11  3  0  0  0  0  6  1  0  5  2  0
  37 Army               37  0.5758    6   2     27   1   13  5  1  2  1  0  5  3  1  6  1  0
  38 UConn Club         38  0.5722  188   0    186   0    6  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  6  1  0
  39 Penn State Club    39  0.5716  149   0     12   2    7  4  0  3  2  0  3  2  0  1  0  0
  40 Central Michigan   40  0.5651   94   0     36   1   10  6  0  2  4  0  7  2  0  1  0  0
  41 New York U.        41  0.5645   14   2     47   1    9  4  0  5  1  0  4  3  0  0  0  0
  42 Oakland            42  0.5641   50   1    148   0   15  2  0  2  1  0  6  1  0  7  0  0
  43 Northeastern       43  0.5595   15   2    145   0    7  7  0  2  3  0  5  4  0  0  0  0
  44 Brigham Young      44  0.5586   85   0     79   0    6  6  0  2  2  0  1  3  0  3  1  0
  45 Arkansas           45  0.5566   76   0     26   1   11  2  0  0  0  0  7  1  0  4  1  0
  46 South Carolina Clu 46  0.5519  168   0    170   0    6  2  0  0  1  0  2  0  0  4  1  0
  47 Texas State        47  0.5496  179   0     18   2   10  4  0  3  3  0  3  1  0  4  0  0
  48 Western Michigan   48  0.5481  201   0     66   1    6  6  0  3  2  0  3  1  0  0  3  0
  49 Texas              49  0.5434   61   1     16   2   12  5  0  3  0  0  4  3  0  5  2  0
  50 Oregon State       50  0.5427  148   0     11   2    8  4  0  1  2  0  3  2  0  4  0  0
  51 Washington Club    51  0.5384   66   1     23   2    8  4  0  2  0  0  5  3  0  1  1  0
  52 Liberty            52  0.5383  129   0    131   0    0  2  0  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0
  53 Minnesota-Duluth   53  0.5380  136   0     44   1    7  6  0  2  3  0  5  3  0  0  0  0
  54 Gustavus Adolphus  54  0.5356  116   0     42   1    7  4  0  3  0  0  2  1  0  2  3  0
  55 Purdue             55  0.5337  154   0     50   1    7  2  0  1  0  0  2  1  0  4  1  0
  56 Western Washington 56  0.5326   67   1    199   0    8  4  0  1  0  0  6  4  0  1  0  0
  57 Southern Methodist 57  0.5309   58   1    172   0   10  4  0  1  1  0  1  2  0  8  1  0
  58 Grove City         58  0.5295  115   0    114   0    5  1  1  0  0  0  0  0  1  5  1  0
  59 Missouri Baptist   59  0.5259  138   0     46   1    5  3  0  3  2  0  1  0  0  1  1  0
  60 West Virginia      60  0.5249  198   0    196   0    3  0  1  1  0  0  2  0  1  0  0  0
  61 Kentucky           61  0.5228  125   0    127   0    8  5  0  1  2  0  1  2  0  6  1  0
  62 Pacific Lutheran   62  0.5208   51   1    152   0    7  3  0  1  0  0  5  3  0  1  0  0
  63 Baylor             63  0.5208   80   0     75   0    8  5  0  2  3  0  2  2  0  4  0  0
  64 Chico State        64  0.5208    8   2      8   2    9  6  0  1  1  0  4  2  0  4  3  0
  65 UC Santa Barbara B 65  0.5185   63   1     21   2    8  5  0  1  1  0  0  2  0  7  2  0
  66 Princeton Club     66  0.5181   52   1     13   2    4  3  0  1  1  0  1  0  0  2  2  0
  67 Florida State      67  0.5128  109   0    106   0    6  3  0  3  0  0  0  1  0  3  2  0
  68 Kansas             68  0.5112   42   1    124   0    8  5  0  3  1  0  4  3  0  1  1  0
  69 Delaware Club      69  0.5068   35   1      9   2    5  4  1  3  1  0  2  2  1  0  1  0
  70 St. Thomas         70  0.5058   59   1      6   3   11  7  0  5  0  0  4  4  0  2  3  0
  71 Dartmouth Club     71  0.5030   32   1     39   1    4  5  0  2  2  0  2  1  0  0  2  0
  72 Sonoma State       72  0.5009   17   2     15   2    8  6  0  2  4  0  3  2  0  3  0  0
  73 Pepperdine         73  0.5007  151   0    154   0    5  4  0  1  3  0  1  0  0  3  1  0
  74 South Florida      74  0.5007  169   0    171   0    3  6  0  0  1  0  1  3  0  2  2  0
  75 San Diego State    75  0.5005   55   1     54   1    6 10  0  1  3  0  2  4  0  3  3  0
  76 Bethel             76  0.4973   81   0     30   1    7  5  0  2  3  0  5  2  0  0  0  0
  77 Rose-Hulman        77  0.4965  156   0     51   1    5  4  0  1  2  0  0  2  0  4  0  0
  78 Boise State        78  0.4958   25   1     76   0    6  4  0  1  2  0  3  2  0  2  0  0
  79 Washington (St. L. 79  0.4958   65   1    195   0    6  3  0  3  2  0  3  1  0  0  0  0
  80 UMass Club         80  0.4956  189   0     63   1    4  3  0  1  3  0  2  0  0  1  0  0
  81 Toledo             81  0.4955  181   0     60   1    7  6  0  1  3  0  3  2  0  3  1  0
  82 Illinois           82  0.4951   40   1    119   0    6  6  0  1  2  0  2  4  0  3  0  0
  83 Grand Valley State 83  0.4935   38   1     41   1    7  6  0  2  2  0  4  3  0  1  1  0
  84 Villanova Club     84  0.4924   64   1    192   0    7  3  0  1  1  0  3  1  0  3  1  0
  85 C. of New Jersey C 85  0.4904   28   1     82   0    4  5  0  3  1  0  0  2  0  1  2  0
  86 Auburn             86  0.4899   77   0     28   1    4  5  0  1  2  0  2  3  0  1  0  0
  87 UC Davis Club      87  0.4894    4   3     62   1    6  9  0  0  3  0  4  3  0  2  3  0
  88 Vanderbilt Club    88  0.4879   20   2     64   1    7  2  0  0  1  0  3  1  0  4  0  0
  89 Brown Club         89  0.4833   27   1     33   1    4  4  0  1  2  0  0  2  0  3  0  0
  90 Trinity (TX)       90  0.4826  183   0    180   0    6  5  0  2  0  0  3  2  0  1  3  0
  91 UC San Diego       91  0.4783   19   2    183   0    6  7  0  2  3  0  1  2  0  3  2  0
  92 Albion             92  0.4782   74   0     25   1    5  4  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  5  2  0
  93 Chicago            93  0.4763   97   0     89   0    5  5  0  1  2  0  3  2  0  1  1  0
  94 Davenport          94  0.4756   33   1     95   0    7  4  0  3  0  0  4  1  0  0  3  0
  95 Georgetown Club    95  0.4736  113   0    110   0    1  4  1  0  2  0  1  2  1  0  0  0
  96 Creighton          96  0.4727   31   1     38   1    5  4  0  2  0  0  2  3  0  1  1  0
  97 UCLA B             97  0.4719  187   0    185   0    4  5  0  0  3  0  1  1  0  3  1  0
  98 Santa Barbara City 98  0.4696   56   1    165   0    3  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  3  1  0
  99 Towson Club        99  0.4692  182   0     61   1    4  5  0  3  3  0  0  2  0  1  0  0
 100 Ohio Club         100  0.4647  144   0    149   0    6  6  0  1  0  0  1  4  0  4  2  0
 101 DePaul            101  0.4621  102   0     99   0    2  1  0  2  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0
 102 Carleton          102  0.4615   91   0      7   2    5  7  0  1  0  0  2  4  0  2  3  0
 103 Vermont Club      103  0.4597   21   2     22   2    3  3  0  2  1  0  1  2  0  0  0  0
 104 Emory             104  0.4595  107   0    105   0    3  3  0  0  2  0  1  0  0  2  1  0
 105 Wisconsin-River Fa105  0.4583   70   1     24   2    4  5  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  4  3  0
 106 Northern Colorado 106  0.4583  142   0    146   0    1  4  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  1  2  0
 107 St. Olaf          107  0.4569    3   3     57   1    6  6  0  3  1  0  3  4  0  0  1  0
 108 Indiana           108  0.4545   41   1     43   1    3  7  0  0  3  0  1  4  0  2  0  0
 109 Loyola Club       109  0.4543  131   0    133   0    2  5  0  0  3  0  1  2  0  1  0  0
 110 Southern Californi110  0.4539  170   0     55   1    3 16  0  2  3  0  0  9  0  1  4  0
 111 Utah              111  0.4508  193   0    190   0    1  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  1  1  0
 112 Drexel Club       112  0.4507   36   1    100   0    3  5  0  0  1  0  0  1  0  3  3  0
 113 Fordham           113  0.4505  110   0    107   0    3  4  0  1  2  0  1  2  0  1  0  0
 114 Clemson           114  0.4485   29   1     37   1    4  8  0  2  4  0  1  2  0  1  2  0
 115 Ithaca Club       115  0.4475  120   0    121   0    4  2  0  2  0  0  1  2  0  1  0  0
 116 Xavier            116  0.4470   71   1    209   0    4  5  0  0  3  0  4  2  0  0  0  0
 117 Truman State      117  0.4470   18   2     19   2    4  5  0  1  2  0  3  3  0  0  0  0
 118 Seattle           118  0.4468  166   0    168   0    4  6  0  0  0  0  1  2  0  3  4  0
 119 Hamline           119  0.4467   12   2    115   0    7  9  0  1  2  0  1  4  0  5  3  0
 120 Texas Tech        120  0.4466  180   0    179   0    4  5  0  2  2  0  1  2  0  1  1  0
 121 Dayton            121  0.4464   34   1     97   0    2  5  0  0  3  0  2  2  0  0  0  0
 122 Kent State        122  0.4447  124   0    126   0    4  3  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  4  2  0
 123 Coast Guard       123  0.4443   30   1     91   0    3  6  0  1  4  0  2  0  0  0  2  0
 124 Southwestern      124  0.4436  171   0    173   0    6  7  0  0  5  0  2  0  0  4  2  0
 125 Tennessee         125  0.4434   60   1     59   1    2  6  0  0  2  0  1  2  0  1  2  0
 126 Principia         126  0.4410   53   1    156   0    3  6  0  0  2  0  0  2  0  3  2  0
 127 Iowa              127  0.4342  119   0    120   0    2  4  0  0  1  0  1  1  0  1  2  0
 128 Penn State-Behrend128  0.4338  150   0    153   0    2  3  0  1  2  0  1  1  0  0  0  0
 129 Georgia Tech      129  0.4283   11   2    112   0    4 10  0  0  3  0  1  5  0  3  2  0
 130 Taylor            130  0.4277  177   0     58   1    1  7  0  0  2  0  1  5  0  0  0  0
 131 SCAD              131  0.4261  165   0    167   0    3  5  0  0  3  0  1  2  0  2  0  0
 132 Whitman           132  0.4218  202   0    200   0    3  7  0  2  3  0  0  2  0  1  2  0
 133 Texas Christian   133  0.4201  178   0    178   0    3  6  0  1  2  0  1  2  0  1  2  0
 134 Air Force         134  0.4179   72   0     68   0    2  4  0  0  3  0  1  1  0  1  0  0
 135 Arizona State     135  0.4172   23   1     72   0    3  8  0  3  3  0  0  1  0  0  4  0
 136 Centre            136  0.4130   95   0     87   0    0  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 137 Oklahoma State    137  0.4129  146   0    151   0    3  5  0  1  1  0  1  1  0  1  3  0
 138 Augustana         138  0.4049   78   0     29   1    2  9  0  0  2  0  2  4  0  0  3  0
 139 Marquette         139  0.4019   44   1    136   0    3  4  0  0  2  0  3  2  0  0  0  0
 140 Saginaw Valley    140  0.4009  159   0    159   0    1  4  0  0  3  0  1  1  0  0  0  0
 141 Binghamton Club   141  0.4008   82   0     31   1    3  8  0  3  2  0  0  5  0  0  1  0
 142 Gonzaga           142  0.3968  114   0    113   0    2  8  0  0  3  0  2  4  0  0  1  0
 143 Rice              143  0.3963  155   0    157   0    2  5  0  0  3  0  1  2  0  1  0  0
 144 Missouri          144  0.3956   47   1     45   1    2  7  0  0  1  0  0  3  0  2  3  0
 145 Slippery Rock Club145  0.3943  167   0    169   0    1  5  0  0  3  0  0  0  0  1  2  0
 146 Syracuse Club     146  0.3939  176   0    177   0    1  4  0  1  1  0  0  2  0  0  1  0
 147 Sacramento State  147  0.3908  158   0     52   1    1  4  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  1  2  0
 148 Rutgers Club      148  0.3907  157   0    158   0    2  4  0  1  1  0  0  1  0  1  2  0
 149 Maine             149  0.3906   43   1    135   0    2  5  0  0  1  0  1  2  0  1  2  0
 150 Wheaton (IL)      150  0.3864   68   1     67   1    1 10  0  0  3  0  0  3  0  1  4  0
 151 St. Edward's      151  0.3858  173   0     56   1    1  9  0  0  5  0  1  4  0  0  0  0
 152 George Washington 152  0.3812  112   0    109   0    4  4  0  2  1  0  1  1  0  1  2  0
 153 Bowling Green     153  0.3799   26   1     32   1    1  9  0  0  3  0  1  6  0  0  0  0
 154 Nebraska          154  0.3796   48   1    141   0    1  9  0  0  2  0  1  4  0  0  3  0
 155 San Diego         155  0.3788   16   2     53   1    3 10  0  2  4  0  0  3  0  1  3  0
 156 Ferris State      156  0.3780   37   1     40   1    1  7  0  0  4  0  1  0  0  0  3  0
 157 Austin            157  0.3779   24   1     73   0    3  5  0  1  2  0  1  2  0  1  1  0
 158 UC Irvine         158  0.3761  185   0    182   0    4  7  0  1  5  0  0  0  0  3  2  0
 159 William & Mary Clu159  0.3751  204   0    202   0    0  6  1  0  2  0  0  4  1  0  0  0
 160 St. Mary's (IN)   160  0.3738  174   0    175   0    1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 161 Wisconsin-Stout   161  0.3727  208   0    207   0    2  6  0  1  2  0  1  4  0  0  0  0
 162 Kutztown Club     162  0.3723  127   0    129   0    0  6  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  0  4  0
 163 Lewis & Clark     163  0.3718  128   0    130   0    1  9  0  0  3  0  1  5  0  0  1  0
 164 Northwestern Club 164  0.3698   49   1    147   0    3  6  0  1  3  0  2  3  0  0  0  0
 165 Butler            165  0.3694   87   0     81   0    2  4  0  0  3  0  2  0  0  0  1  0
 166 UMBC Club         166  0.3680  190   0    187   0    0  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  1  0
 167 Saint Louis       167  0.3636  160   0    160   0    0  7  0  0  3  0  0  2  0  0  2  0
 168 John Carroll      168  0.3597  122   0    123   0    0 10  0  0  3  0  0  5  0  0  2  0
 169 Alabama           169  0.3597   73   0     69   0    2  4  0  0  2  0  1  2  0  1  0  0
 170 Cincinnati Club   170  0.3589   98   0     90   0    2  4  0  1  1  0  1  2  0  0  1  0
 171 Hope              171  0.3581   39   1    118   0    1  7  0  0  2  0  0  5  0  1  0  0
 172 William Smith Club172  0.3573   69   1    203   0    1  4  0  0  0  0  1  2  0  0  2  0
 173 Wisconsin-La Cross173  0.3553  207   0    206   0    0  6  0  0  1  0  0  5  0  0  0  0
 174 Brandeis          174  0.3552   84   0     78   0    0  7  0  0  3  0  0  1  0  0  3  0
 175 Furman            175  0.3549  111   0    108   0    0  5  0  0  3  0  0  1  0  0  1  0
 176 College of Idaho  176  0.3468   99   0     92   0    0 10  0  0  3  0  0  6  0  0  1  0
 177 Minnesota-Moorhead177  0.3427  137   0    140   0    1  7  0  1  3  0  0  4  0  0  0  0
 178 Hofstra Club      178  0.3409  118   0    117   0    1  6  0  0  2  0  1  1  0  0  3  0
 179 West Virginia Wesl179  0.3400  199   0    197   0    0  5  0  0  2  0  0  3  0  0  0  0
 180 Pepperdine B      180  0.3385  152   0    155   0    0  3  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  0  1  0
 181 Wyoming           181  0.3357  209   0    208   0    0  9  0  0  7  0  0  2  0  0  0  0
 182 Salisbury Club    182  0.3350  161   0    161   0    0  3  0  0  1  0  0  1  0  0  1  0
 183 Sam Houston       183  0.3346  162   0    162   0    1 11  0  0  3  0  0  3  0  1  5  0
 184 Arizona           184  0.3337   22   1     71   0    1  8  0  1  5  0  0  2  0  0  1  0
 185 San Jose State    185  0.3238  164   0    164   0    0  3  0  0  3  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 186 Western Kentucky  186  0.3232  200   0    198   0    1  6  0  0  2  0  0  3  0  1  1  0
 187 Cal State Fullerto187  0.3208   89   0     84   0    0  2  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  1  0
 188 Tulane            188  0.3176  184   0    181   0    0  5  0  0  2  0  0  3  0  0  0  0
 189 Kennesaw State    189  0.3129  123   0    125   0    1  6  0  0  4  0  1  1  0  0  1  0
 190 Chapman           190  0.3087   96   0     88   0    0  4  0  0  4  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 191 Stony Brook Club  191  0.3048  175   0    176   0    0  5  0  0  3  0  0  1  0  0  1  0
 192 North Texas       192  0.3010  141   0    144   0    0  9  0  0  5  0  0  2  0  0  2  0
 193 Ball State        193  0.2956   79   0     74   0    0 11  0  0  3  0  0  7  0  0  1  0
 194 Wisconsin-Eau Clai194  0.2855  206   0    205   0    0  8  0  0  2  0  0  4  0  0  2  0
 195 Loyola Marymount  195  0.2280  132   0    134   0    0  2  0  0  2  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 196 Millsaps          196  0.0941  134   0    139   0    0  1  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  0  0
 197 Appalachian State   0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 198 Davidson Club       0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 199 Denver Club         0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 200 Dubuque             0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 201 East Carolina       0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 202 Elon                0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 203 High Point          0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 204 Knox                0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 205 No. Carolina Wesle  0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 206 North Carolina Sta  0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 207 UNC-Wilmington      0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 208 Utah State          0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 209 Willamette          0  -.0010    0   0      0   0    0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0